Location: Dry grasslands and desert regions of Asia, Afghanistan, India and Iran
Size: 7-11 inches
Lifespan for Females: 7-10 yrs.
Lifespan for Males: 15-25+ yrs.
Adult leopard geckos require an enclosure that is a minimum of 10-20 gallons, but 20 gallons or larger is preferred for a permanent home. Juvenile Leos should be kept in 10 gallons until they are big enough to upgrade.
Leos are SOLITARY animals; housing more than one Leo together, especially males can result in stress and serious or fatal injuries.
Substrate & Decor
Leopard geckos are very curious and lick their surroundings to smell and feel, this makes a non-loose substrate ideal. Some suitable substrates include: reptile carpet, sand mat, large stones, papertowel, newspaper, shelf liner and my personal favourite, ceramic tiles. Their enclosures can be decorated using stones, fake plants, logs and different hides.
Leopard geckos spend most of the day in their hides, as they come out more at night and dusk/dawn. Leos should have the option to choose between a cool hide, a moist hide and a warm hide.
Place a hide on each side of the enclosure, making one a cool hide and one a warm hide. Under the warm hide should be a heat mat on the underside of the tank. The cool hide should be away from any lights or heat source. A moist hide should be made using peat moss or a medium that can be kept moist to aid in shedding. The warm hide/side of the tank should reach temperatures of 88-95f while the cool hide/side should be about room temperature or slightly warmer. The moist hide can be placed in the middle of the tank or closer to the warm side.
Providing your leopard geckos with UVB is not necessary, as they spend most of their days in their hides.
Water & Humidity: A shallow water dish should always be available, as well as a moist hide.
Leopard geckos eat only insects, which include: crickets, superworms, waxworms, mealworms, silkworms and phoenix worms. Juveniles should be fed daily. Adult Leos can skip a few days of feeding. Leos will typically stop eating when they feel they are full. Do not overfeed or provide a constant source of food, this can lead to obesity.
In captivity, bearded leopard geckos often need supplementation. To ensure good health, Leos should have their insects dusted with a multivitamin/calcium supplement a few times a week. Leos should have access to a small bowl of calcium (no vitamin d3 added), they will supplement themselves as needed.
Leopard geckos can become frightened and drop their tail. This is why gentle and careful handling is important. Juveniles should not be handled often. Adult Leos can be handled daily or every other day, but should not be ripped from their enclosure while sleeping or when they are not prepared. Showing your hand first is a good way to prepare them for being picked up.